The first people appeared on this territory about 6000,000 years ago. Hunters settlements have been discovered in Lower Podnestrovie. During the late Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods, the Black sea was considerably smaller then it is today. Probably, such original character of Odessa citizens is from aforesaid. Heroic and proud, cheerful and ironical.
Odessa is only 200 years old, but so many examinations have fallen for this freedom - loving Beauty!
"Golden Age" of Odessa, the peak of its development and riches is concerned with one of the first town governors - Duke De Richelieu. Richelieu’s intelligence and energy gave rise to a miracle. The city was soon recognized as the third city of the Russian Empire. Its great port and a variety of subsidies and progressive laws allowed him to creat an island of freedom in which there was no serfdom, and this attracted decisive, independently minded people with plenty of initiative.
Fortunately, the city had careful fathers, founders, among which - field-marshal A.V.Suvorov, earl Potyomkin - and Taurian, the brilliant officers, foreigners on the Russian service - De Ribas, Devolan, Langeron. They have laid the foundation of the unique city in every respect - the port, known all over the world as the southern gate of great empire.
Hoverwer, Odessa was not spared by war. A cannon, which stands on a plinth in front of the City Council, serves as a monument to the Crimean war. On the 30th of April, the English frigate “The tigr”, manned by Anglo – French crew, was bombarding the city and port when it ran aground in fog. The crew surrendered and the ship was lost but one of it’s canons remains in Odessa.
Its seems that, this city always was on a coast of warm Black sea, has come up from it long time ago. So many real and fantastic things around it simultaneously, that it is difficult to understand the true character and a nature of Odessa. Today Odessa has a total population of about 1.1 million people. The city's trades include that of shipbuilding, chemicals, oil refining, food processing and metalworking. Odessa also has a naval base and several fishing fleets, which adds to the cities economy.
Odessa is beautifully situated on green rolling hills, overlooking a small picturesque harbour. The best time to visit Odessa is during summer, when everything is in bloom and absolutely beautiful. The summer is especially favourable for those who are looking to tan on one of her tranquil white beaches. Russian is the primary language spoken in Odessa, however Ukrainian is the official language and many advertisements and signs are written in it. English is the most widely used tourist language.